POUND, EZRA LOOMIS° (1885–1972), U.S. poet and critic. Born in Idaho, Pound left the United States in 1907 and lived in London and in Paris before settling in Rapallo, Italy, in 1925. By then he had already won international acclaim as a modern poet. A prolific writer, he published over 40 volumes of poetry, verse translations, and literary criticism whose influence on 20th-century poetic style has been enormous. In Italy, Pound became an admirer of Mussolini and came to adopt an increasingly pro-Fascist, anti-British, and antisemitic tone. He developed an ardent, if amateur, interest in economics and became an advocate of the Canadian C.H. Douglas' social credit doctrine, which vocalized agrarian discontent and blamed human misery on the financial manipulations of a small capitalistic class, largely Jewish in composition and inspiration. Pound's Money Pamphlets (6 vols., 1950–52), published in Italy in the 1930s, spoke repeatedly of the "Jewish poison," and in 1939 he   wrote an article for the Italian press entitled "The Jew, Disease Incarnate." Many of his poems are also violently anti-Jewish. During World War II Pound broadcast pro-Axis propaganda over the Italian radio. He was arrested by the American army in 1945 and returned to the United States to face an indictment of treason, but was judged mentally unfit to stand trial and was committed to a mental hospital in Washington, D.C., in 1946. In 1958, following the intervention of many noted poets, he was released, and returned to Italy. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Reck, Ezra Pound (1967); C. Norman, Case of Ezra Pound (1969), includes bibliography; N. Stock, Poetin Exile (1964), includes bibliography; N. Stock, Life of Ezra Pound (1970); J. Cornell (ed.), Trial of Ezra Pound (1966). (Charles Reznikoff)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Pound,Ezra Loomis — Pound (pound), Ezra Loomis. 1885 1972. American writer who exerted great influence on the development of modern literature through his poetic works, such as the unfinished Cantos (1925 1960), his critical works, including ABC of Reading (1934),… …   Universalium

  • Pound, Ezra (Loomis) — born Oct. 30, 1885, Hailey, Idaho, U.S. died Nov. 1, 1972, Venice, Italy U.S. poet and critic. Pound attended Hamilton College and the University of Pennsylvania, where he studied various languages. In 1908 he sailed for Europe, where he would… …   Universalium

  • Pound, Ezra (Loomis) — (30 oct. 1885, Hailey, Idaho, EE.UU.–1 nov. 1972, Venecia, Italia). Poeta y crítico estadounidense. Pound fue alumno de Hamilton College y la Universidad de Pennsylvania, donde estudió varios idiomas. En 1908, partió de viaje a Europa, donde… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Pound, Ezra — ▪ American poet Introduction in full  Ezra Loomis Pound  born Oct. 30, 1885, Hailey, Idaho, U.S. died Nov. 1, 1972, Venice, Italy  American poet and critic, a supremely discerning and energetic entrepreneur of the arts who did more than any other …   Universalium

  • Ezra Loomis Pound — noun United States writer who lived in Europe; strongly influenced the development of modern literature (1885 1972) • Syn: ↑Pound, ↑Ezra Pound • Instance Hypernyms: ↑writer, ↑author, ↑poet …   Useful english dictionary

  • Pound, Ezra (Weston) Loomis — (1885 1972)    Ezra Pound studied at the University of Pennsylvania and Hamilton College and graduated with an M.A. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1906. After being dismissed from a teaching position in 1907 for “bohemian” behavior, Pound …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • pound — ● pound nom féminin Unité fondamentale britannique de masse (symbole lb). [La pound, dont le nom français correspondant est livre, est l unité d où sont dérivées les autres. C est la masse d un étalon en platine, l « Imperial Standard Pound »,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ezra Pound — noun United States writer who lived in Europe; strongly influenced the development of modern literature (1885 1972) • Syn: ↑Pound, ↑Ezra Loomis Pound • Instance Hypernyms: ↑writer, ↑author, ↑poet * * * Ezra …   Useful english dictionary

  • Ezra Pound — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ezra Pound en 1913. Fotografía de Alvin Langdon Coburn (New York: Knopf, 1922). Ezra Weston Loomis Pound (Hailey, Idaho, Estados Unidos, 30 de octubre de 1885 – Venecia, Italia, 1 de nov …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ezra Pound — le 26 mai 1945, photographié lors de son arrestation par les forces américaines …   Wikipédia en Français